Testosterone is the male sex hormone responsible for many of the physical and emotional traits of men.

It creates the deeper voices, sex drive, aggression and, of coarse, larger muscles in men. Testosterone makes the muscles retain more nitrogen, which in turn makes the muscle synthesize proteins better, producing larger muscles.

The downside to testosterone steroids is that they aromatize, or turn into estrogen, in the body. When the body has too much estrogen it begins to take on female characteristics gynocomastia, water retention, fat gain, loss of sex drive and testicular shrinkage are all most certain side effects of taking testosterone and letting it aromatize in the body.

Testosterone-Cypionate is one of the most popular forms of testosterone the world over and the most commonly used testosterone in hormone replacement therapy in the United States.

A very powerful anabolic and androgenic hormone, Testosterone-Cypionate is equal in both regards and is one of the most efficient and effective hormones we can use for almost any purpose

Testosterone is a hormone naturally produced by both men and women responsible for a host of functions; most notably muscle and bone growth, regeneration and male sexual characteristics. While men produce nearly ten times as much testosterone as women both require adequate amounts of this androgen class hormone in order to maintain a proper endocrine system.

For those who suffer from low levels of testosterone, as Testosterone-Cypionate is a pure form of testosterone it is often used to combat this condition and return levels to a more suitable level. Those who suffer from low testosterone levels commonly find their libido to be reduced, fat gain and muscle loss to occur, as well as immune system deficiencies and even depression.

As you can easily see testosterone is a very important hormone and with its many functions, when we increase levels beyond a normal range, as is the purposes in performance enhancing we effectively increase the attributes associated with this powerful anabolic androgenic steroid.

Clinical Usagee

As by its nature it is simply a synthetic version of the testosterone hormone naturally produced in the human body by both men and women and essential to a properly functioning endocrine system. While inadequate levels, particularly low levels are generally not life threatening they can be quite bothersome and can lead to more serious problems when not dealt with appropriately.

To give you an idea of the importance of the hormone we only need to look at the effects of low levels; those who suffer from low testosterone find a body transformation in the opposite desired direction to be very common place; increased body-fat, decreased muscle tissue and strength can all occur and be very difficult to deal with and in many cases impossible when levels are too low.

Further, because testosterone is responsible in part for sexual function many men find they experience a decrease in libido, erectile dysfunction when levels are too low, as well as lack of mental focus, energy and even the onset of depression. While these are not life threatening conditions on their own, as you can easily see some of them are pretty serious and there isn’t one any man would wish to have bestowed on him.

Conversely, when we look at the effects of low testosterone we can easily see how increased levels would have the opposite effect; take each condition previously listed and take it in the opposite direction towards improvement, which is exactly why testosterone is known as a performance enhancer.

Non Clinical Usage

By its mode of action Testosterone Cypionate increases both nitrogen retention in the muscles as well a protein synthesis; increases red blood cell mass and blocks and reduces muscle wasting hormones such as cortisol. Further, by its ability to increase IGF 1 production in the body, Testosterone Cypionate becomes even more anabolic in effect when administered in a fashion that increases levels to a performance enhancing range.

As a testosterone based hormone attached to the Cypionate ester, Testosterone-Cypionate has a half-life of approximately 12 days. This is a fairly long half-life and is generally the longest half-life of any commonly used single ester form of testosterone. Because it has a long ester attached in the Cypionate form the effects of this steroid will last a very long time

The benefits of Testosterone-Cypionate are truly immense and provide every trait one would be after through the use of anabolic steroids. By its mode of action Testosterone-Cypionate has the ability to increase both strength and size to a large degree which is by-in-large the principle desire of any anabolic steroid user.

Further, because increased lean tissue improves our metabolic rate and because Testosterone-Cypionate affects muscle wasting hormones in a positive manner body-fat is often reduced when the steroid is used.

Further, in the same light yet in the opposite direction, those who are after a leaner physique find Testosterone-Cypionate to be a perfect choice as its mode of action aids in preserving lean muscle mass when on a calorie restricted diet.

Plus, when dieting, the more muscle mass we can hold onto the greater our metabolic rate will be, the greater our fat-loss will be and the more pleasing our physique will be in the end.

Dosage

Therapeutic Dosage:
Males : 250-400 mg per week
Female : N/A

Recreational Dosage:
Males : 700mg-1000mg per week
Female : N/A

Side Effects

All medications, hormones and non-hormones, steroidal and non-steroidal alike carry with them the possibility of negative side-effects However, when used by healthy adult men and when used responsibly many of these side effects can largely be avoided and the individual will only enjoy the positive benefits.

The most common side-effects brought on by Testosterone-Cypionate are of an estrogenic nature. Testosterone will convert to estrogen through the aromatase process and can bring about such negative effects such as Gynecomastia, water retention,blood pressure and cholesterol issues to name a few.

Further, while we can largely prevent these side-effects from occurring there is one side-effect that is assured; testicular atrophy. When we administer Testosterone-Cypionate we are taking in a synthetic testosterone and by doing so our body no longer requires its own natural production. Since testosterone is produced in the testicles, once production comes to a halt the testicles shrink; however, once use is discontinued and production begins again they will return to their normal size.

There is a strong risk to reward ratio in play when using Testosterone Cypionate and generally all anabolic steroids; the more you use the greater the benefit but the more you use the greater the risks. While this is a reality, regardless of the amounts you use there are things we can do to avoid nasty side-effects brought on by the aromatase process.

The use of an aromatase inhibitor (AI) will greatly reduce your chances of Gynecomastia and will greatly aid in unwanted water retention; further, as controlling estrogen in this manner will aid in keeping cholesterol and blood pressure stable it really doesn’t make any sense not to use an AI.

However, even with an AI water retention will occur in those who eat more carbohydrates than they need; this is mentioned simply because many blame testosterone on their water retention when bulking when the truth is they are simply overeating.

Further, through sound dieting principles, even when bulking, supplementing with fatty acids can largely control your cholesterol and is strongly advised if testosterone is going to be used.